Dry Needling of Trigger Points With and Without Paraspinal Needling in Myofascial Pain Syndromes in Elderly Patients

OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacies of dry needling of trigger points (TrPs) with and without paraspinal needling in myofascial pain syndrome of elderly patients.

DESIGN: Single-blinded, randomized controlled trial.

SUBJECTS: Forty (40) subjects, between the ages of 63 and 90 with myofascial pain syndrome of the upper trapezius muscle.

INTERVENTIONS: Eighteen (18) subjects were treated with dry needling of all the TrPs only and another 22 with additional paraspinal needling on days 0, 7, and 14.

RESULTS: At 4-week follow-up the results were as follows: (1) TrP and paraspinal dry needling resulted in more continuous subjective pain reduction than TrP dry needling only; (2) TrP and paraspinal dry needling resulted in significant improvements on the geriatric depression scale but TrP dry needling only did not; (3) TrP and paraspinal dry needling resulted in improvements of all the cervical range of motions but TrP dry needling only did not in extensional cervical range of motion; and (4) no cases of gross hemorrhage were noted.

CONCLUSIONS: TrP and paraspinal dry needling is suggested to be a better method than TrP dry needling only for treating myofascial pain syndrome in elderly patients.

Authors – Ga H. Choi JH. Park CH. Yoon HJ.

Institution – Department of Family Medicine, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea.

Source – Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine. Vol. 13 Issue 6 pp:617-24, 2007 Jul-Aug.